Small dogs and small dog breeds
There are many small dog breeds and are often given
alternative names like miniature and toy dogs. Small dogs where first created
more than 2000 years ago in Europe and at about the same time
in the Far East. These small dogs were specifically bred as
pets and human companions and most are related to larger breeds
in other groups.
In spite of their size, these miniature dogs very
robust, and if properly cared for are just as healthy, active
and formidable, as their standard size relatives!
The main small dog breeds are:
Bichon is French for lap dog! Thrives on human companionship
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Lively, affectionate and versatile undemanding and easy to
Adore human companionship, but need careful handling because of
their tiny frame, not suitable for hectic households or those
with small children as a result
Loyal, independent, intelligent and defiant! Not ideal for
young familiesItalian Greyhound – comfort loving animal, makes a
good family pet
– must be kept warm and dry!
Intelligent, self-assured and fun loving, good house dog with
deep bark for its size. Sociable with other dogs
Highly intelligent but a little aloof! Good family
dog, excellent guard needs a lot of grooming, but not much
Of the small dog breeds the Maltese makes the perfect human companion, excellent (although time consuming!)
pet. Gentle with children and good with other dogs
Proud and intelligent, requires regular exercise but not much
grooming – great companion
Miniature and Toy
Responsive, thoughtful and lively. Good companion, adapts
well to surroundings. A known show off!
Very intelligent, friendly and playful. Easily trained
and extremely protective – coat needs regular attention
Loyal, stubborn and a bit aloof. The princes and princesses' of the
small dog breeds and they know it! Needs lots of grooming and
careful cleaning of the eyes and wrinkled face. Not easy to train
Active, gay and affectionate. Keen watchdog, good with
children, daily grooming essential
Charming, tolerant and intelligent. Affectionate
towards children but strong willed and not easy to train.
Amongst the small dog breeds Pugs require limited grooming and exercise required, but careful feeding
regime is necessary
Alert and active, adaptable family pet. Minimum
exercise required, but regular grooming essential
Lively and good natured, good guard dog. Reasonably easy to
Spirited and even tempered. Conveniently sized, popular
urban pet. Good guarding instincts, but not easy to train.
Coat requires regular attention. One of the most popular
small dog breeds.
See also: [Choosing A
Dog] [Dog Breeds]